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Brandy Station Battlefield - Buford's Knoll
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member La de Boheme
N 38° 31.889 W 077° 51.492
18S E 250856 N 4268659
Quick Description: The largest cavalry battle of the Civil War was fought at Brandy Station, VA.
Location: Virginia, United States
Date Posted: 12/16/2011 6:02:03 PM
Waymark Code: WMDAXR
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 4

Long Description:
During the Civil War, following successes at the battles at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville in Virginia, Confederate Gen. R. E. Lee moved his infantry to Culpeper in early June 1863 in preparation for an offense into Pennsylvania. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry were stationed north of town at Brandy Station to hold the line at the Rappahannock River and screen the moves of the Confederate army.

On June 9, Stuart's horse was surprised by the Union cavalry led by Gen. Alfred Pleasonton who had half his forces cross the Rappahannock at Beverly's Ford. The brigade led by Brig. Gen. John Buford spent several hours trying to get his troops across the river while the Confederates scrambled to meet the attack and delay the enemy.

Buford failed to penetrate the Confederate defenses at St. James ChurchClick for related waymark to open in new window and turned his forces to the enemy left flank at the Hazel River. Confederate troops under the command of Brig. Gen. Rooney Lee, son of Gen. Robert. E. Lee, stopped Buford's troops at a stone wall and held them for several hours. Rooney started to pull back to meet a new threat at Fleetwood HillClick for related waymark to open in new window, but continued to battle the Union soldiers.

Eventually, his soldiers and horses worn out by the steep terrain, Gen. Pleasonton ordered a retreat and the Confederate army maintained control of Brandy Station, but it had come at a huge price in casualties.

Brandy Station was the largest cavalry battle of the Civil War. A CWDT marker for the Brandy Station Battlefield is at the entrance of a gravel parking area on Beverly Ford Rd. in Culpeper County for the trailhead of the Buford's Knoll Walking Trail, a one-mile walking tour through the battlefield interspersed with CWPT interpretive signs.

Companion waymark: Brandy Station Battlefield - St. James ChurchClick for related waymark to open in new window

References:

Type of site: Battlefield

Address:
Beverly Ford Rd
Rt. 677
Brandy Station, VA USA
22714


Admission Charged: No Charge

Website: [Web Link]

Phone Number: Not listed

Driving Directions: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
Post at least one photo of a Civil War related item or scene and post one Civil War Discovery you learned while visiting the waymark. The photo should have the coordinates of where it was taken if significantly different from the waymark's coordinates.
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