El Escorial - Madrid, Spain
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member manchanegra
N 40° 35.420 W 004° 08.930
30T E 402784 N 4493915
Quick Description: The Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial is an immense palace, Augustinian monastery, museum, and library complex located at San Lorenzo de El Escorial a town 45 kilometres northwest of Madrid in the autonomous community of Madrid in Spain.
Location: Comunidad de Madrid, Spain
Date Posted: 11/23/2011 5:15:37 AM
Waymark Code: WMD5TD
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member lumbricus
Views: 4

Long Description:
The Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial is an immense palace, Augustinian monastery, museum, and library complex located at San Lorenzo de El Escorial a town 45 kilometres (28 miles) northwest of Madrid in the autonomous community of Madrid in Spain.

At the foot of the Sierra de Guadarrama mountain range, the complex was commanded by King Philip II of Spain as a necropolis for the Spanish monarchs and the seat of studies in aid of the Counter-Reformation. It was designed by the architects Juan Bautista de Toledo and Juan de Herrera in an austere classical style, and built from 1563 to 1584. It is shaped as a grid in memory of the martyrdom of Saint Lawrence. It is said that during the battle of Saint Quentin (1557), the Spanish troops destroyed a small hermitage devoted to Lawrence. The King Philip II of Spain decided to dedicate the monastery to the saint in thanks for his victory.


The façade of the chapel, in the Baroque style of Jesuit churches, is integrated with the palatial facade
El EscorialThe complex has an enormous store of art, including masterworks by Titian, Tintoretto, El Greco, Velázquez, Roger van der Weyden, Paolo Veronese, Alonso Cano, José de Ribera, Claudio Coello and others. Also at the complex is a library containing thousands of priceless ancient manuscripts like the collection of the Moroccan sultan Zidan Abu Maali (r.1603–1627). Giambattista Castello designed the main staircase.

It is the burial site for most Spanish kings in the last five centuries, from the houses of Habsburg and Bourbon. The Royal Pantheon contains the tombs of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (King Charles I of Spain), Philip II, Philip III, Philip IV, Charles II, Louis I, Charles III, Charles IV, Ferdinand VII, Isabel II, Alfonso XII and Alfonso XIII. The two Bourbon kings Philip V and Ferdinand VI, as well as King Amadeo of Savoy (1870-1873), are not buried in the Monastery.

The complex is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is an extremely popular tourist attraction, often visited as a day trip from Madrid.

The given coordinates will take you to the yard in front of the El Escorial Monastery.

Text from patrimonionacional.es

The Book El Escorial is an historic journey trough this Monument, it´s surroundings, the architecture, the construction, the Monarchs and other facts.
It was published by Everest de Ediciones y Distribucion in 1991 .
ISBN Number: 9788424149666

Author(s): Juan Losada

Visit Instructions:
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manchanegra visited El Escorial - Madrid, Spain 11/30/2004 manchanegra visited it