(2) 12-pounder Model 1857 Napoleons - Gettysburg, PA
N 39° 49.205 W 077° 13.217
18S E 309972 N 4410146
Quick Description: Two of these rifles/cannons can be found to the left and right of the Battery K, 5th U.S. Artillery Monument at the summit of Culp's Hill at the Gettysburg Battlefield.
Location: Pennsylvania, United States
Date Posted: 9/10/2011 11:07:00 AM
Waymark Code: WMCHVP
These Napoleons, with their green tubes, are all over the battlefield. Each one represents a unit, which used this gun, as they fought here during the Gettysburg Campaign. Many of these cannons have writing on the muzzle face by which they can be identified. Unfortunately, I was unable to recover any serial numbers. The Battery K, 5th U.S. Artillery Unit attached to the 12th Corps used these cannons/rifles during their engagement with the enemy on July 2, 1863. The rifles are meant to represent that unit and the weaponry they used to repulse the COnfederate attack.
The cannon is in terrific shape: the carriage is terrific, the wheels are in good shape and the muzzle, breech, chamber and bore all looked swell too. The cannon appears to have been restored and is almost pristine except of course for the blue muzzle/tube, oxidized from its original metal. It is roadside and easily accessible within the rotary that surround the observation tower atop the summit of Culp's Hill. parking is all along the rotary.
Developed in France in 1853, the 12-pounder Napoleon Model 1857 was the primary cannon used by both the Northern and Southern armies in the American Civil War. The Napoleon was capable of firing shells, balls or canisters and was favored for its versatile firing capability, its power and reliability and its safety. This 12-caliber cannon was cast in bronze and is recognizable for its trademark muzzle swell. SOURCE