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Jones, A. Quinn, House - Gainesville, FL
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Marine Biologist
N 29° 39.447 W 082° 20.130
17R E 370748 N 3281574
Quick Description: The A. Quinn Jones House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2010 in recognition of its association with African-American educator Allen Quinn Jones.
Location: Florida, United States
Date Posted: 8/1/2011 4:25:13 PM
Waymark Code: WMC6T0
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member Math Teacher
Views: 1

Long Description:
An historical marker in front of the house reads:

"A. Quinn Jones, Sr. (1893-1997), teacher, educational leader, and prominent African-American advocate, lived here from 1925 to 1997. The home, built ca. 1920, is a one-story frame bungalow set on brick piers. Jones' career, spanning the segregation era, was marked by his determination to provide quality education to all African-American children. Jones served as teacher and principal at two of Alachua County's most important African-American schools, Union Academy (1921-1923) and Lincoln High School (1923-1957). He taught English, Latin, math, and science, and held fundraisers to ensure materials and salaries to his students and staff. In 1924-25, Jones extended Lincoln's grades to the 12th so that students could earn a full high school diploma. The Florida Department of Education noted Jones' leadership and in 1926, Lincoln High School became Florida's second accredited African-American High School. In 1956, Lincoln High School moved to the southeast area of Gainesville and the original building became an elementary school bearing Jones' name. The A. Quinn Jones Center stands as a memorial to his extraordinary contributions to the African-American community, the people of Alachua County, and the State of Florida."

The following information is from the National Park Service website:

"The A. Quinn Jones House was listed in the National Register of Historic Places on January 27, 2010, for its importance to Florida State history for its association with the personal and professional life of Allen Quinn Jones, an African-American educator. In a project between the Gainesville’s Department of Parks, Recreation and Cultural Affairs and the Community Redevelopment Agency, the house is being renovated and restored to maintain its historic integrity and provide a valuable community center for the neighborhood.

Professor Jones was principal of three African-American schools in Gainesville, Florida during his 42-year career as a teacher and administrator in Florida. Jones was not only the most influential African-American educator in Alachua County; he also contributed to education programs across the state. The Jones House, where he lived with family from 1925 until his death in 1997 at age 104, contains his office from which he coordinated his state wide activities. The house itself is a one-story, wood-frame vernacular house with bungalow features built circa 1920. The Jones House is located in a mostly residential setting in the historically African-American neighborhood of West Gainesville, three blocks north of University Avenue and two blocks east of NW 13 Street, also designated as Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard.

Allen Quinn Jones, always referred to as A. Quinn Jones (or Quinn), was born on March 3, 1893, in Quincy, Florida, the sixth of seven children of Joseph Thomas and Rosa McDonald Jones. His father was a gardener and his mother was a laundress. All the children attended school in Quincy, during a time when education was limited in a rigidly segregated town. Quinn’s principal in Grade School #1 recommended him to President of the of Florida Agriculture and Mechanical College (FAMC), Nathan B. Young, for admission. A. Quinn Jones moved to Tallahassee in 1908 and enrolled, working his way through the FAMC high school and college programs. President Young became a mentor and friend and found a job for A. Quinn as a waiter at FAMC, and each summer the young man reported to Quincy to work for local tobacco companies to earn the following year’s tuition. Jones earned a Bachelor of Science degree at FMAC in 1915, ranking highest in his class in scholarship. He had stated that he would have preferred to continue his education in the field of medicine, but due to the lack of funds, he secured a teaching position in a one-room school near Quincy. He taught at rural schools in Gadsden, Liberty, and Jackson counties for two years: terms at African-American schools at that time were as short as three to four months and teachers moved from school to school as positions opened. In 1918, he transferred to Washington High School in Pensacola, and in addition to teaching English, math and science, he served as assistant principal.

As he began his career as an educator, he also became a member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and the Southern Protective Association, taking an active role in these early Civil Rights organizations.He continued these interests throughout his life. In January 1917, he married a Pensacola teacher, Agnes Marion Smith, also a graduate of FAMC. Over the next seven years the couple had four children.

As educational prospects for African-Americans in Alachua County were improving, Jones and the trustees actively improved efforts to extend the school term to eight months and improve teachers’ salaries. Two new high schools, one for whites and one for African-Americans (named Lincoln High School), opened in 1923 and Jones became the principal of Lincoln High School, which was the only public high school available to African Americans in the county and accommodated 1st through 11th grades. Jones fought hard to include sidewalks, a library, a cafeteria for the high school, and adding a 12th grade, he also included funding for teachers during the Great Depression.

In 1928 Jones’s first wife, Agnes, passed away. In 1937, he married Frederica Williams, a teacher who was on the facility of Lincoln High School. Jones, in addition to tutoring promising students privately in an evening class, taught extension classes in Gainesville and Ocala for Florida A&M College, Bethune Cookman College, and Edwards Waters College, as well as teaching summer classes at FAMC in Tallahassee. He encouraged his faculty to join the Black Florida Teachers Association to improve their education and upgrade their certification. Between 1928 and 1931, the Florida Department of Education authorized Lincoln High School to offer a High School Teacher Training course to help prepare young African-American teachers, many of whom were not financially able to attend college. A. Quinn Jones also began to work on his master’s degree at Hampton Institute in Virginia in 1930, attending the summer classes, he received his Masters of Arts degree in 1935. He started summer courses at New York University to work towards his Ph.D. degree but in the mid-1940s, half way through his doctoral studies, his attendance was curtailed when Florida began to require principals to be on duty for 12 months of the year. When the new Lincoln High School opened at a 53-acre site on Waldo Road in 1956, Jones served as the first principal. In 1957 he retired, after a 42-year career in education, and the old Lincoln High School across from his house was named after him.

During World War II, Jones was recognized by the President of the United States for his work serving as a member of the Selective Service Advisory Board in Alachua County. Among the many commendations received was the Booker T. Washington Plaque for Meritorious Service from the Florida State Teachers Association. The home of Professor Jones is significant because it was from the office in his home that much of his educational work and his community activities were coordinated. When he passed away, his family donated the house and its contents to the community, and his papers have been deposited in the collection of the Smathers Library at the University of Florida. The home is now used as a cultural center.

The house is located at 1013 N.W. 7th Avenue in Gainesville, Alachua County, Florida."

-- Source

Street address:
1013 N.W. 7th Avenue
Gainesville, FL USA

County / Borough / Parish: Alachua County

Year listed: 2010

Historic (Areas of) Significance: Event, Person

Periods of significance: 1950-1974, 1925-1949

Historic function: Domestic

Current function: Vacant/Not In Use

Privately owned?: no

Primary Web Site: [Web Link]

Secondary Website 1: [Web Link]

Season start / Season finish: Not listed

Hours of operation: Not listed

Secondary Website 2: Not listed

National Historic Landmark Link: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
Please give the date and brief account of your visit. Include any additional observations or information that you may have, particularly about the current condition of the site. Additional photos are highly encouraged, but not mandatory.
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