San Pedro Creek
N 29° 25.594 W 098° 29.784
14R E 548848 N 3255352
Quick Description: A block east of Milam Park by the edge of a parking lot in front of the old Almeda theater is a marker relating the importance of San Pedro Creek has been to the development of historic San Antonio, TX.
Location: Texas, United States
Date Posted: 7/26/2011 4:41:55 PM
Waymark Code: WMC54N
In downtown San Antonio, TX the San Pedro Creek appears to be no more than a cemented drainage culvert cut along the edges of various parking lots and along the sides of downtown buildings. What appears as an open storm drain is in fact one of the very reasons the city of San Antonio is here to begin with. This TX historical marker is easily overlooked, as is the creek. Its location is a dozen yards west of the intersection of Camaron Street and W. Houston Street. It is in the corner of a parking lot across from the old Alameda theater, facing Houston Street. The text of the sign explains how the Spanish missions were begun at San Pedro Springs, the headwaters of this San Pedro Creek. Because of the springs and the creek, the missions were sustainable long enough to establish a permanent settlement that even then was known as San Antonio.
Marker Number: 4551
In 1709 Franciscan fathers Antonio Olivares and Isidro Espinosa came upon an Indian campsite at the natural springs (1.4 miles north) which form the headwaters of this creek. They named the creek San Pedro and noted the area as a superior site for a settlement.
On May 1, 1718, Olivares and Martin de Alarcon, Spanish governor of Coahuila and Texas, founded Mission San Antonio de Valero near here on San Pedro Creek. On May 5, 1718 Alarcon selected a site near San Pedro Springs for a presidio and the founding of Villa de Bejar "at the place called San Antonio."
An irrigation canal (acequia) system, began in the 1720s from San Pedro Springs and extending south along the creek, provided water for the families of the first settlers, presidio soldiers, and Canary Island settlers. San Antonio's first streetcar line, which began in 1878, operated from Alamo Plaza to San Pedro Springs, then a popular tourist destination and site of numerous social and cultural events.
The San Pedro Springs, creek, and irrigation system played vital roles in the founding and early development of the Spanish presidio and mission settlement and royally decreed municipality which became the city of San Antonio.
Sesquicentennial of Texas Statehood 1845-1995
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