Merchant Mariners Anchor- Gloucester, Ma
N 42° 36.519 W 070° 40.604
19T E 362466 N 4718720
Quick Description: A static white anchor memorial located along the Coastal Trail Walk in Gloucester.
Location: Massachusetts, United States
Date Posted: 5/1/2011 9:40:00 AM
Waymark Code: WMBBKM
This anchor serves as a memorial to the Merchant Mariners and sits along Stacy Boulevard next to the tennis courts and across from the World War II Memorial. This area is also the back gateway to Stage Fort Park. A simple, white anchor memorializes the dedication of the Merchant Marines with a plaque that says "With Thanks From the People of Gloucester To Our Sons Who Served As Merchant Mariners 1941-1945".
About U.S. Merchant Marine:
The United States Merchant Marine refers to the fleet of U.S. civilian-owned merchant ships, operated by either the government or the private sector, that engage in commerce or transportation of goods and services in and out of the navigable waters of the United States. The Merchant Marine is responsible for transporting cargo and passengers during peace time. In time of war, the Merchant Marine is an auxiliary to the Navy, and can be called upon to deliver troops and supplies for the military.
Merchant mariners move cargo and passengers between nations and within the United States, operate and maintain deep-sea merchant ships, tugboats, towboats, ferries, dredges, excursion vessels, and other waterborne craft on the oceans, the Great Lakes, rivers, canals, harbors, and other waterways.
As of 2006, the United States merchant fleet numbered 465 ships and approximately 69,000 members. Seven hundred ships owned by American interests but registered, or flagged, in other countries are not included in this number.
The federal government maintains fleets of merchant ships via organizations such as Military Sealift Command and the National Defense Reserve Fleet. In 2004, the federal government employed approximately 5% of all American water transportation workers.
In the 19th and 20th centuries, various laws fundamentally changed the course of American merchant shipping. These laws put an end to common practices such as flogging and shanghaiing, and increased shipboard safety and living standards. The United States Merchant Marine is also governed by several international conventions to promote safety and prevent pollution.
The merchant marine is a civilian auxiliary of the U.S. Navy, but not a uniformed service, except in times of war when, in accordance with the Merchant Marine Act of 1936, mariners are considered military personnel. In 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed a bill into law granting veteran status to merchant mariners who served in war. Prior to such legislation, they did not receive veteran's benefits.
Property Permission: Public
Commemoration: Merchant Mariners of Gloucester from 1941-1945
Date of Dedication: Not listed
Access instructions: Not listed
Access times: Not listed
Website for Waymark: Not listed
Location of waymark: Not listed
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