Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar - Stralsund
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache
N 54° 18.959 E 013° 05.410
33U E 375768 N 6020361
Quick Description: The Brick Gothic historic centre is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Location: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany
Date Posted: 10/8/2010 12:02:24 PM
Waymark Code: WM9X1Y
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Tervas
Views: 35

Long Description:
In medieval ages, the Stralsund area was part of the West Slavic Principality of Rügen, which was part of the Kingdom of Denmark since 1168. At that time, the Dänholm isle and a small fishing village, both at the site of the latter city, were named Strale / Stralow, meaning "arrow" (this meaning is still preserved in the town's coat of arms, showing an arrow).

In the course of German Ostsiedlung, many German settlers, gentry and merchants were called into the principality, and eventually populated the Strale site. Merchants from other countries as well as locals were attracted to the settlement and made up for one third of the city's population. The Danish navy was using the isle as well. When the settlement had grown to town size, prince Wizlaw I of Rügen granted Lübeck law to "our town Stralow" in 1234. In 1240, when the prince gave additional land to the city, he called it Stralesund.

The success of the settlement challenged the powerful Free City of Lübeck, which burnt Stralsund down in 1249. Afterwards the town was rebuilt with a massive city wall having 11 town gates and 30 watchtowers. The Neustadt, a town-like suburb, was merged to Stralsund by 1361. Schadegard, a twin town to Stralsund also founded by Wizlaw I nearby, but was not granted German law, served as the principal stronghold and enclosed a fort. It was given up and torn down by 1269 under the pressure of the Stralsund Bürger.

In 1293 Stralsund became a member of the Hanseatic League. A total of 300 ships flying the flag of Stralsund cruised the Baltic Sea in the 14th century. In 1325, the Principality of Rügen became part of the Duchy of Pomerania, Stralsund however maintained a considerable independence.

In the 17th century, Stralsund became a theatre in the Thirty Years' War. In the Battle of Stralsund (1628), the town was besieged by Albrecht von Wallenstein after the council refused to accept the Capitulation of Franzburg.. Stralsund resisted with Danish and Swedish support. The Swedish garrison in Stralsund was the first on German soil in history. With the Treaty of Stettin (1630), the town became one of two major Swedish forts in the Duchy of Pomerania, besides Stettin (now Szczecin).

After the war, the Peace of Westphalia (1648) and the Treaty of Stettin (1653) made Stralsund part of Swedish Pomerania. Lost to Brandenburg in the Battle of Stralsund (1678), it was restored to Sweden in the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1679). In the Great Northern War in 1715 Charles XII led the defence of Stralsund for a year against the united European armies. Stralsund remained under Swedish control until the Battle of Stralsund (1807), when it was seized by Napoleon Bonaparte's army. Seized by Ferdinand von Schill's freikorps in 1809, it was subsequently re-gained by France, with Schill killed in action. In the Congress of Vienna (1815), Stralsund became a part of the Prussian Province of Pomerania and the seat of a government region resembling the former Swedish Pomerania.

From 1949 until German Reunification in 1990, Stralsund was part of the German Democratic Republic.
Type: Site

Reference number: 1067

Visit Instructions:
Please upload at least one photo.
Search for...
Geocaching.com Google Map
Google Maps
MapQuest
Bing Maps
Trails.com Maps
Nearest Waymarks
Nearest World Heritage Sites
Nearest Geocaches
Nearest Benchmarks
Nearest Hotels
Create a scavenger hunt using this waymark as the center point
Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
dellwo visited Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar - Stralsund 7/26/2014 dellwo visited it
powerpeanut visited Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar - Stralsund 4/20/2014 powerpeanut visited it
henni-boy visited Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar - Stralsund 9/18/2012 henni-boy visited it
netdust visited Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar - Stralsund 8/4/2011 netdust visited it
Virtualboy visited Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar - Stralsund 3/31/2011 Virtualboy visited it
Nachtwolf visited Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar - Stralsund 9/17/2010 Nachtwolf visited it
Team_Ikarus visited Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar - Stralsund 8/27/2010 Team_Ikarus visited it
Xoxi visited Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar - Stralsund 9/28/2009 Xoxi visited it
me.ToString visited Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar - Stralsund 6/8/2006 me.ToString visited it
lapiduch visited Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar - Stralsund 9/6/2005 lapiduch visited it
goof390 visited Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar - Stralsund 8/22/2005 goof390 visited it
gumshoe7 visited Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar - Stralsund 7/17/2004 gumshoe7 visited it

View all visits/logs