City of Dayton - Early History
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Volcanoguy
N 46° 19.255 W 117° 58.700
11T E 424684 N 5130169
Quick Description: One of two history signs in front of Columbia County Courthouse in Dayton, Washington.
Location: Washington, United States
Date Posted: 3/16/2010 9:43:07 PM
Waymark Code: WM8DEW
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Ambrosia
Views: 2

Long Description:

There are two history signs at the Columbia County Courthouse. This sign is located on the SW side of the entrance sidewalk and deals with the early history of the city of Dayton. Text of sign:

COLUMBIA COUNTY COURTHOUSE: 1887
Washington’s Oldest Courthouse. Construction of the Territorial Courthouse was completed two years before Washington became a state in 1889.
Designed by local architect W.H. Burrows, the courthouse was built using Dexter brick and colossal timbers of fir and pine hauled from the Blue Mountains by oxcart.
Interest in the county’s rich history spurred a decade of citizen effort to save the building. Restoration was completed in 1993.
Decorative elements including the cupola, statuary and ornamental stucco (removed 1930-1950) were restored. Iron railings are original; American eagles and blind justices are vintage but not original.

BEGINNINGS
Dayton’s townsite is on an ancient trade corridor known as the Celilo Falls or Nez Perce Trail.
Lewis and Clark’s Corps of Discovery passed through the heart of Dayton near where you are standing on their return from the Pacific Ocean May 2, 1806.
European settlers left the area during Indian skirmishes (1855-1858). Stockman Jesse N Day homesteaded west of town in 1859, then founded Dayton in 1871.
Despite five devastating fires in the late 1800’s, Dayton flourished due to logging and farming booms. Agriculture sustained the community through the Great Depression of the 1930’s and remains its lifeblood today.

DAYTON HISTORIC DEPOT: 1881
Oldest existing railroad station in Washington.

DAYTON SCHOOLS
Eastern Washington’s first public graded school was established here in 1880. Dayton High School (1881) was the first public high school in Washington State.

HISTORIC BUILDINGS
Many homes and commercial buildings, the railroad depot and courthouse are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Marker Name: City of Dayton - Early History

Marker Type: City

Town name: Dayton

Date marker was placed: 2004

Placer: Columbia County Courthouse Restoration Committee

Related website: Not listed

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Volcanoguy visited City of Dayton - Early History 9/25/2009 Volcanoguy visited it