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Victoria Battery Cyanide Tank Holders, New Zealand
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member willbuild
S 37° 24.703 E 175° 46.397
60H E 391440 N 5858746
Quick Description: Victoria Battery Cyanide Tank Holders Pukekauri Road Waikino New Zealand
Location: North Island, New Zealand
Date Posted: 3/15/2010 3:48:28 PM
Waymark Code: WM8D7Q
Views: 0

Long Description:
The Victoria Battery

In the earliest mining days, only a small percentage of gold and silver was extracted by the old pan amalgamation process.

In 1896, the Victoria Battery began its ear-splitting work. With 200 stamps, it was the largest quartz crushing plant for gold extraction in Australasia, capable of crushing over 812 tonnes of ore each day to the consistency of sand.

The adoption of the cyanide process by the Waihi Gold Mining Company in 1894 was one of the crucial factors in the success of the Waihi mines. Prior to the cyanide process (pioneered in Karangahake), only a small percentage of gold and silver had been extracted by the old pan amalgamation process.

The cyanide process was introduced at a time that the extent of the Waihi reef system was becoming apparent. Development of the Martha Mine occurred at a rapid pace and with the increased tonnages of ore to treat, the Waihi Gold Mining Company's treatment plants in Waihi, with sixty-nine stamps, soon became inadequate. The existing facilities were extended but it was decided in 1896 to build the Victoria Battery to supplement the other plants.

The Victoria Battery got its name from Victoria Rock (Queen's Head), located between Waihi and Waikino, which resembles the profile of Queen Victoria.

The battery was constructed on a two hectare site on the south bank of the Ohinemuri River to process ore from the Martha Mine in Waihi. The site was initially selected due to the availability of relatively cheap hydro power from the Ohinemuri and Waitekauri Rivers.
The development of the battery took place over a period of five years but additions, in line with improvements in gold extraction and recovery, continued to be made until about 1931.

When construction was completed, the battery, with 200 stamps, was the largest quartz crushing plant for gold extraction in Australasia. It was capable of crushing over 812 tonnes of ore each day to the consistency of sand. About 200 people, on average, were employed at the battery throughout its life.

As well as the ore treatment plant, the Victoria Battery also boasted many ancilliary facilities, including a sawmill, blacksmith and a foundary.

While the Martha Mine closed in 1952, work continued at the Battery with a reduced workforce until 1955.

Cleaning up operations were carried out after 1955. Buildings and machinery were dismantled. The land surface at the site has been treated several times to recover any gold residues.

Since its closure most of the plant has been removed but the foundations now form a popular tourist attraction. You can wander through the quiet foundations and imagine the fearful, 24 hour pounding that could be heard from as far away as Waihi.
(visit link)

NZ Historic Places Trust.
Pukekauri Road, WAIKINO

Register Number:

Registration Type:
Historic Place - Category I

Waikato Region

Date Registered:

City/District Council:
Hauraki District Council

Legal Description:
Sec 1 SO 59644 Blk XIV Ohinemuri SD Rec Res

Other Names:
Victoria Battery Ruins

Current Use:
Civic facilities and recreation - Historic or recreation reserve

Former Use:
Mineral Extraction and Processing - Cyanide vat

Construction Dates:
Original Construction: 1910
(visit link)
Date location was entrusted to the New Zealand Historic places: 6/28/1990

Type of history commemorated (short description):
Victoria Battery Site Erected in 1897 to crush quartz, the Victoria Battery was considered the largest and most advanced facility of its type in New Zealand. Today, a short walk from the Waikino Station Café takes you to the Victoria Battery Site, which has interesting onsite information. The Victoria Battery Tramway Society offers guided tours on a narrow gauge mining tramway and tours of the Victoria Battery’s ore kilns.

Website pertaining to the location: [Web Link]

Town, city, or region nearest to the site:
Waikino, Waihi, North Island, New Zealand

Year placed: 1910

Admission fees if any: 0.00 (listed in local currency)

Hours of operation:
Open any time

Is it accessible to the general public:
Open to all to visit From the Waikino Visitor Centre, cross a footbridge to the Victoria Battery site, follow the old railway line to the Owharoa Falls/Taieri Stream confluence at Waitawheta Road (1 hour return).

Visit Instructions:
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