Carter Caves State Park - Grayson, Kentucky
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member BluegrassCache
N 38° 20.365 W 083° 06.118
17S E 316296 N 4245566
Quick Description: Carter Caves State Park is located in Northeastern Kentucky, in Carter County. This park is primarily for those interested in caving. There are wild, undeveloped and developed caves to explore.
Location: Kentucky, United States
Date Posted: 11/30/2008 12:22:14 AM
Waymark Code: WM58ZX
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member wilkintj
Views: 17

Long Description:
There are lodges, cabins and camping sites at this park. There is also swimming, boating, fishing and hiking.
Park Type: Overnight

Activities:
Exploring caves is the most popular activity in this park. There is camping, hiking trails, picnicing, swimming and boating.Carter Caves State Resort Park is home to more than 20
caverns - those explored and those not yet charted - winding beneath its forested hills. Take a hike, sign up for a guided cave tour, or grab your partner for a canoe excursion on
Smokey Lake. Adventure awaits you, above ground and below, at Carter Caves!


Background:
The following information comes from the park's website http://parks.ky.gov/findparks/resortparks/cc/history/.

Established on July 31, 1946
On July 31, 1946, the citizens of Carter and surrounding counties donated 945 acres to the Commonwealth of Kentucky for a state park. Contained in this tract are some of the most impressive caves in the state. Additional land has been obtained, making a total of some 2,000 acres. Carter and Cascade Caves are the best-known caverns in eastern Kentucky. Located in north-central Carter County, the Carter and Cascade Cave system is comprised of more than twenty caverns. Four of these caves are open for tours. Others are undeveloped or access is limited. Each cave has distinctive features from the way in which geological forces formed them.

Bat Cave is the largest cave in the park. It is open only in the summer and is the home of an estimated 40,000 Indiana bats called Myotis that hibernate there in the winter. These bats are protected by the Kentucky Parks System. The cave’s main passageway is a half-mile in length and follows the course of Cave Branch. The ceiling of the passageway varies in height from about 35 feet at the downstream entrance to a claustrophobic 4 feet. Known as “Backache Avenue” the low ceiling of the passageway extends 700 feet. This passage is wet and there are small pools of water throughout its length. During heavy rains the passage can be flooded by torrents of water.

Saltpetre Cave is a dry cave. No streams or water flows through these passages today. Evidence suggests that water did flow through the cave many years ago. The cave has long, broad, low-ceilings and dirt floors. The name of the cave comes from the old saltpeter works near the entrance that helped produce gunpowder during the War of 1812. Kentucky caverns had several saltpeter mines during the war. Nitrates for making gunpowder could be extracted from the earth in the caves. On the wall near the entrance is the legend, “Simon Kenton 1783.” Kenton, an early Kentucky pioneer explored the area in the late eighteenth century. Saltpetre Cave is shown to visitors by way of a guided tour.

The most popular cave for visitors in the Carter Cave system is X Cave, so-called f or the two intersecting caverns that from the letter X. Narrow and tall passageways permeate the X Cave. The walls of the cavern have been carved by water. X Cave is filled with beautiful and strange forms. Stalactites and stalagmites are found along the right passage of the cave. Columns, draperies, and flowstone created by centuries of water percolating through earth and stone, decorate portions of the cavern. “Giant Stalactite” is the largest dripstone formation in the cave. This formation of several stalactites is seven feet in diameter and about thirty feet high. Another curiosity is “Pipe Organ.” This formation is unique in that several stalactites and draperies, when struck with a piece of wood, sound different tones, thus giving it its musical instrument name.

In 1959 Cascade Cave, once privately owned and operated, became a part of the Carter Cave State Park System. Shown to visitors since 1925, the cavern is made up a series of parallel passages. They are filled with dripstone formations of different types. The entrance to Cascade Cave is located on the side of one of the many sinkholes in the area. Highlights of the cavern include, Counterfeiter’s Room” named for the supposed use of the cave by counterfeiters. The “Lake Room” so-called for the large pool of water located there. Other interesting points in and around Cascade Cave are: “Cathedral Room”, “The Hanging Garden’s of King Solomon”, “Cardross Castle”, “Ice –capped Mountains”, and “Temple Bells.” Cascade Cave also has a beautiful 30 foot underground waterfall.

Carter Caves State Park has several natural bridges. Smokey Bridge is the largest natural bridge in Kentucky. Carter Cave natural Bridge is the only one in the state with a paved road on top.

Althoug


Date Established?: July 31, 1946

Link to Park: [Web Link]

Park Fees: Not listed

Additional Entrance Points: Not Listed

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