WILLAMETTE "MERIDIAN" AND BASELINE
Posted by: Groundspeak Charter Member GEO*Trailblazer 1
N 45° 31.170 W 122° 44.631
10T E 520005 N 5040694
Quick Description: The Willamette Meridian and Baseline, Portland, Multnomah County, Oregon
Location: Oregon, United States
Date Posted: 10/14/2008 10:02:38 AM
Waymark Code: WM4YMM
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member CoinsAndPins
Views: 30

Long Description:
This one has a little controversy on whether the stone is the original and still in the same position.
For me and my research it appears to me it is the original obelisk and now has a benchmark set on top of it.
The BLM Surveyor has stated that it is the origianal as well.
The data sheet says all the parts were found and pieced and cemented back together.

The Donation Land Claim Act of 1850, 76, 9 Stat. 496, September 27, 1850, sometimes known just as the Donation Land Act, was a statute enacted by the Congress of the United States intended to promote homestead settlement in the Oregon Territory in the Pacific Northwest comprising the present day states of Oregon, Washington, and Idaho. The law, which is considered a forerunner of the later Homestead Act, brought thousands of settlers into the new territory, swelling the ranks of the emigrants on the Oregon Trail. 7,437 patents were issued under the law until its expiration on December 1, 1855.

WIKI WILLAMETTE STONE:
(visit link)

AS DESCRIBED BY THE NGS:
BENCHMARK RD3152
(visit link)

1/1/1903 by USGLO (MONUMENTED)
DESCRIBED BY US GOVERNMENT LAND OFFICE 1903 (OBF) EXACTLY ON THE COUNTY LINE, AT THE INITIAL INTERSECTION OF THE WILLAMETTE BASE AND THE WILLAMETTE MERIDIAN, A SHORT DISTANCE SE OF STATION BARNES. THE STATION IS IN A FENCE CORNER AND IS MARKED BY A STONE POST PROJECTING 1-1/2 FEET ABOVE GROUND.
1/1/1937 by CGS (GOOD)
RECOVERY NOTE BY COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 1937 (LAM) IN EXTREME W PART OF PORTLAND, ON MULTNOMAH-WASHINGTON COUNTY LINE, AT INTERSECTION OF WILLAMETTE BASE LINE AND WILLAMETTE MERIDIAN. TO REACH FROM PORTLAND, PROCEED W ON WEST BURNSIDE STREET AND ITS CONTINUATION OF BARNES ROAD, TO INTERSECTION WITH NORTHWEST SKYLINE BOULEVARD, THENCE NW ALONG BOULEVARD ABOUT 0.85 MILE TO W END OF SHORT TANGENT AND E END OF GUARD FENCE ON S SIDE OF CURVE. FROM THIS POINT WALK S ALONG FENCE AT W EDGE OF TIMBER AND ON E EDGE OF FIELD WITH OLD FRUIT TREES, FOR ABOUT 650 FEET TO INTERSECTION WITH E-W FENCE. THIS IS DOWN SLOPE FROM BOULEVARD. STATION IS AT FENCE INTERSECTION AND IS MARKED BY BRASS SCREW SET IN CENTER OF TOP OF CUT STONE POST ESTABLISHED BY U.S. GENERAL LAND OFFICE AND KNOWN AS WILLAMETTE STONE.
1/1/1952 by CGS (GOOD)
RECOVERY NOTE BY COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 1952 (ANS) THE STATION WAS RECOVERED AND THE MARK WAS FOUND TO BE IN FAIR CONDITION. THE LOCATION OF THE STATION IS NOW A SMALL PARK, THE WILLAMETTE STONE STATE PARK. IN THE PAST THE MARK WAS BROKEN OFF AT THE TOP BY VANDALS, BUT ALL THE PIECES WERE RECOVERED AND HAVE BEEN CEMENTED IN PLACE. THE STATION IS ON THE W SIDE OF PORTLAND, 0.35 MILE W OF THE INTERSECTION OF BURNSIDE ROAD AND SKYLINE BOULEVARD, AND 650 FEET S OF SKYLINE BOULEVARD. IT IS ON THE MULTNOMAH-WASHINGTON COUNTY LINE AND AT THE INTERSECTION OF THE WILLAMETTE BASE LINE AND THE WILLAMETTE MERIDIAN. THE STATION MARK IS AN 8-INCH SQUARE STONE POST, BEVELED AT THE TOP, PROJECTING 16 INCHES ABOVE THE GROUND. BASE LINE IS ENGRAVED ON THE E AND W SIDES AND WIL MER ON THE N AND S SIDES. A SMALL HOLE WHERE THE BRASS SCREW HAD BEEN SET IS IN THE APEX OF THE STONE. TO REACH THE STATION FROM THE INTERSECTION OF BURNSIDE ROAD AND SKYLINE BOULEVARD, PROCEED W ON SKYLINE BOULEVARD FOR 0.4 MILE TO A SIGN ON THE LEFT COMMEMORATING THE STONE. THENCE PROCEED ON THE TRAIL S DOWN THE SLOPE FOR 200 METERS TO THE SMALL PARK AND THE STATION.
1/1/1959 by CGS (GOOD)
RECOVERY NOTE BY COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 1959 (ANS) STATION WAS RECOVERED AS DESCRIBED. THE STATION MARK IS IN FAIR CONDITION. THIS STATION IS LOCATED ON THE SOUTH SLOPE OF A HILL AND WILL ONLY SEE OUT TO THE SOUTHWEST.

AS ALWAYS HAVE FUN BE SAFE AND

HAPPY.......................................WAYMARKING
Type of survey mark: STONE OBELISK WITH STAINLESS STEEL BENCHMARK

What indicators are near the mark to help people identify where it is located?:
PROCEED ON THE TRAIL SOUTH DOWN THE SLOPE FOR 200 METERS TO THE SMALL PARK AND THE STATION
AT A FENCE CORNER.


What property is this mark defining?:
The grid defined by the stone extended the Public Land Survey System and was used as the basis of land claims in the Oregon Territory. The first marker, a redcedar stake, was placed on the site in 1851 by John B. Preston, the first Surveyor General of Oregon, who was appointed by President Millard Fillmore to create a system for surveying land in the territory. The location was chosen such that the base line would not cross the Columbia River and the meridian would lie west of Vancouver Lake. The grid system was an extension of the system used in the Northwest Territory proposed by Thomas Jefferson. The Willamette Stone marked the location of the first townships and ranges north and south of the marker.



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