General Robert H. Milroy - Union - Rensselaer, IN
N 40° 56.073 W 087° 09.303
16T E 486947 N 4531503
Quick Description: Robert Huston Milroy (June 11, 1816 – March 29, 1890) was a lawyer, judge, and a Union Army general in the American Civil War, most noted for his defeat at the Second Battle of Winchester in 1863.
Location: Indiana, United States
Date Posted: 9/28/2008 8:25:21 PM
Waymark Code: WM4TP6
General Robert H. Milroy's statue, located in Milroy Park, is fixed onto a platform that is inscribed with the name of every soldier to serve under him, totalling 648 men and including some of the most prominent families in Rensselaer at the time.
Also in Milroy Park is an Indiana Historical Marker, which reads:
General Robert H. Milroy
was appointed colonel of the 9th Indiana Infantry, later promoted to brigadier and major general. He saw extensive action in western Virginia. After the war he served as Indian agent in the state of Washington.
According to the Wikipedia article
Milroy was born on a farm near Salem, Indiana, but the family moved to Carroll County in 1826. He graduated from Norwich Academy in Vermont in 1843. He moved to Texas in 1845, returning to Indiana in 1847. He was a captain in the 1st Indiana Volunteers from 1846 to 1847. He graduated from Indiana University Law School in 1850 and became a lawyer and judge in Rensselaer, Indiana.
Just before Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated, Milroy recruited a company for the 9th Indiana Militia with men living around Rensselaer and was appointed its captain soon after Fort Sumter, but on April 27, 1861, he was appointed to the Federal service as colonel of the 9th Indiana Infantry. He took part in the western Virginia campaign under Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan and was promoted to brigadier general on September 3, 1861. He commanded the Cheat Mountain District of the Mountain Department and served as a brigade commander in the Mountain Department during Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign of 1862. Milroy commanded another brigade in John Pope's Army of Virginia for the Second Battle of Bull Run. He was promoted to major general on March 9, 1863, to rank from November 29, 1862.
On May 8 and May 9, 1862, Milroy led Union forces in the Battle of McDowell against Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson. Milroy's "spoiling attack" surprised Jackson, seized the initiative, and inflicted heavier casualties, but did not drive the Confederates from their position.
The low point of Milroy's military career was during the early days of the Gettysburg Campaign. He commanded the 2nd Division of the VIII Corps, Middle Department, from February 1863 until June. During the Second Battle of Winchester, he was outmaneuvered and "gobbled up" by the Confederate corps of Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell, the vanguard of Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia on its way north to invade Pennsylvania. Although ordered to withdraw his 6,900-man garrison from Winchester, he chose to remain in the face of the Confederate invasion, assuming that the fortifications of Winchester would withstand any assault or siege. On June 15, 1863, Milroy escaped with his staff, but over 3,000 of his men were captured, as were all of his artillery pieces and 300 supply wagons. He was called before a court of inquiry to answer for his actions, but after ten months he was relieved of any culpability for the debacle.
General-in-chief Henry W. Halleck never favored this "forward" position, so far from the B&O Railroad, and he wanted Milroy to withdraw his 6,900-man garrison from Winchester. Major General Schenck was seemingly undecided and gave contradicting orders on the evacuation of Winchester, as Milroy convinced Schenck that he could hold Winchester and its extensive fortifications against any Confederate invasion, for months if necessary. Schenck capitulated and left Milroy with a final telegram to wait further orders. The telegraph wire into Winchester was cut by Confederate raiders.
As Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell's Confederate Second Corps closed in on Winchester, Milroy was further blinded by the fact that his videttes and pickets were not extensively placed in the surrounding territory, due to heavy and repeated bushwhacking of his men, and he never realized that an entire Confederate corps was bearing down upon him. Milroy's mistreatment of Winchester citizens had been so harsh that even many pro-Unionists had changed their sympathies, serving to further isolate Milroy's ability to gather intelligence around him.
After this period of inactivity, Milroy was transferred to the Western Theater, recruiting for Maj. Gen. George Henry Thomas's Army of the Cumberland in Nashville in the spring of 1864. He also commanded the Defenses of the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad in the Department of the Cumberland until the end of the war. Although it was not anticipated that this would be a combat assignment, he fought briefly in the Third Battle of Murfreesboro, part of the Franklin-Nashville Campaign in 1864. Anxious to reduce some of the stigma of Winchester, he ordered the 13th Indiana Cavalry to make a mounted charge directly at an enemy artillery position, assuming that it was only a portion of Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest's dismounted cavalry. The Indianans suffered heavy casualties. When Milroy realized that he was facing not cavalry, but an infantry division of Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Cheatham's corps, he returned to the safety of "Fortress Rosecrans" in Murfreesboro. General Lovell H. Rousseau, commander of all Union forces in the Murfreesboro area, was still able to salvage a victory out of the encounter. Milroy resigned his commission on July 26, 1865.
After the war, Milroy was a trustee of the Wabash and Erie Canal Company and, from 1872 to 1875, he was the superintendent of Indian Affairs in the Washington Territory and an Indian agent for the following ten years.
Robert Milroy died in Olympia, Washington, and is buried in the Masonic Memorial Park at Tumwater. He is remembered by the people of Rensselaer with a large bronze statue.
He was the author of Papers of General Robert Huston Milroy, published posthumously in 1965 and 1966.
In Milroy's diaries, we read about a corrupt former business partner, a lawyer named Cicero Tatman, who was stealing money from Milroy while the General was away in the Civil War. On January 18, 1865, Milroy writes: “Finding that [Tatman] was collecting money of clients and keeping—stealing and swindling I ordered him to turn over my papers, books, etc…He reluctantly and slowly did so but burned the courthouse and my papers to avoid detection of his villainy.”
More information, including a full list of every soldier who served under the command of Gen. Milroy, is located on the Milroy Monument webpage
Union or Confederacy: Union - North
General's Name: Robert H. Milroy
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