Seneca Nation of Indians - Salamanca, New York
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member PTCRAZY
N 42° 09.519 W 078° 44.797
17T E 686160 N 4669848
Quick Description: Salamanca, New York, is listed as home to the Seneca Indian Nation.
Location: New York, United States
Date Posted: 9/8/2008 6:48:46 PM
Waymark Code: WM4MYF
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member zenpanda
Views: 53

Long Description:
Salamanca is listed as the only city in the nation to be built on land leased by an Indian Nation. The original lease, signed in 1891, was to expire in February of 1991. However, disagreements between the city and the Seneca Nation caused the renewal to drag out for almost 10 years. Finally in May of 1990, the lease agreement was finalized and renewed for another 50 years. About 90 percent of the property in Salamanca, a city of 6,600, lies on Seneca land, part of the 22,640-acre Allegany Reservation on the Pennsylvania border, the largest Indian reservation in New York. For decades, some tenants have paid as little as $1 a year for the leases on their homes. Under the current agreement, a residential lease is assessed at 8 percent of the market value of the land, excluding the value of buildings. The price of a non-residential lease is 10 percent of the land value.

The Seneca traditionally lived in what is now New York between the Genesee River and Canandaigua Lake, with some recent evidence indicates that they lived all the way down to the Allegheny River into what is now northwestern Pennsylvania. About 7,800 Seneca people are citizens of the Seneca Nation of Indians. These members live or work on five reservations in New York, with the majority of them living in the city of Salamanca.
Type of Nation Within: Native American Indian Reservation (USA)

Tribe or Band: Senecas

Address of Main Entrance to area:
Main Street (Route 417)
Salamanca, NY USA
14779


Land Area - Specify Acres or Miles: 22,640 acres

Population: 7,800

Date when area was established or set aside: 01/01/1794

Open or Closed to Public: Open To Public

Website for further information: [Web Link]

Coordinates of site within area to visit: N 42° 09.545 W 078° 44.778

Visit Instructions:
Only one waymark per area (reservation) will be accepted, although you may log visits anywhere within the reservation because they oftentimes cover a large area. To log a visit to the waymark, please provide a photo of signage recognizing the area and a photo from within the area.
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