Boll Weevil Monument
featured waymark
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member GA Cacher
N 31° 18.868 W 085° 51.240
16R E 609046 N 3465020
Quick Description: On December 11, 1919, the citizens of Enterprise, Alabama erected a monument to the boll weevil, the pest that devastated their fields but forced residents to end their dependence on cotton and to pursue mixed farming and manufacturing. A beetle measuring an average length of six millimeters, the insect entered the United States via Mexico in the 1890s and reached southeastern Alabama in 1915. It remains the most destructive cotton pest in North America.
Location: Alabama, United States
Date Posted: 5/21/2008 4:44:46 AM
Waymark Code: WM3VDT
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member Jeremy
Views: 201

Long Description:

The citizens of Enterprise, Alabama erected a monument to the boll weevil. It was, and still is, the only monument to an agricultural pest.

The boll weevil (Anthonomus grandis) was indigenous to Mexico but appeared in Alabama in 1915. By 1918 farmers were losing whole cotton crops to the beetle. H. M. Sessions saw this as an opportunity to convert the area to peanut farming. In 1916 he convinced C. W. Baston, an indebted farmer, to back his venture. The first crop paid off their debts and was bought by farmers seeking to change to peanut farming. Cotton was grown again, but farmers learned to diversify their crops, a practice which brought new money to Coffee County.

Bon Fleming, a local businessman, came up with the idea to build the monument, and helped to finance the total cost. As a tribute to how something disastrous can be a catalyst to change, the monument was dedicated on December 11, 1919 at the intersection of College and Main Street, the heart of the town's business district. The original statue of a woman wearing a flowing gown, arms stretched above her head, was built in Italy for approximately $1,800, not including the fountain and boll weevil. The boll weevil was not added until thirty years later, when Luther Baker thought the Boll Weevil Monument should have a boll weevil on it. He made the boll weevil and attached it to the top of the fountain that was no longer in use. The monument stands more than thirteen feet tall.

The boll weevil, and sometimes even the entire monument, has been stolen many times through out the years and each time was found and repaired by the city of Enterprise until July 11, 1998. On that day vandals ripped the boll weevil out of the statue's hands and permanently damaged the statue. City leaders were going to repair the original statue and put it back but it proved too difficult and costly. The replica still stands in downtown Enterprise, and the original is on display at Enterprise's Depot Museum. There is a security camera nearby that monitors for further vandalism.

Wikipedia Url: [Web Link]

Visit Instructions:
To post a visit log to this waymark you need to visit and write about the actual physical location. Any pictures you take at the location would be great, as well.
Search for...
Geocaching.com Google Map
Google Maps
MapQuest
Bing Maps
Trails.com Maps
Nearest Waymarks
Nearest Wikipedia Entries
Nearest Geocaches
Nearest Benchmarks
Nearest Hotels
Create a scavenger hunt using this waymark as the center point
Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
kristianmatthews visited Boll Weevil Monument 8/15/2013 kristianmatthews visited it
xptwo visited Boll Weevil Monument 9/22/2012 xptwo visited it
OHail visited Boll Weevil Monument 2/3/2012 OHail visited it
NCDaywalker visited Boll Weevil Monument 1/31/2012 NCDaywalker visited it
HotRod205 visited Boll Weevil Monument 11/24/2011 HotRod205 visited it
K&A Enterprises visited Boll Weevil Monument 7/31/2011 K&A Enterprises visited it
MrPirateCat visited Boll Weevil Monument 5/18/2011 MrPirateCat visited it
powertool visited Boll Weevil Monument 2/24/2011 powertool visited it
hummerstation visited Boll Weevil Monument 3/13/2010 hummerstation visited it
RVRoadTrip visited Boll Weevil Monument 7/29/2008 RVRoadTrip visited it
GA Cacher visited Boll Weevil Monument 5/21/2008 GA Cacher visited it
Thorny1 visited Boll Weevil Monument 5/18/2008 Thorny1 visited it
Adidaex visited Boll Weevil Monument 5/14/2008 Adidaex visited it

View all visits/logs