Surrender of Federal Forces by General David E. Twiggs
Posted by: BruceS
N 29° 25.502 W 098° 29.633
14R E 549093 N 3255183
Quick Description: Historical marker summarizing the events which led General Twiggs to surrender federal forces at the beginning of the Civil War.
Location: Texas, United States
Date Posted: 2/29/2008 10:32:07 AM
Waymark Code: WM398H
Index Entry: Twiggs, General David E.
Subject Codes: CV; ML;
Year Marker Erected: 1965
Marker Location: On Municipal Plaza Bldg., corner of Main & commerce, San Antonio
Marker Number: 5579
Brought about a Texas moved to expel 2600 federal troops- a step necessary after secession. Frontier fighter Ben McCulloch with 400 volunteers forced surrender negotiated at headquarters of Gen. Twiggs a block and a half from here, by 4 representatives of the Texas Committee on public safety.
Talks began Feb. 8, 1861; were stalled by Feb. 15. That night 90 of Mcculloch's men stole in, fixed guns on Federal Sentries and Garrison in Alamo Plaza. 300 more Texas troops entered the city. The 160 men of Twiggs' force were disarmed and held in Quarters. On Feb. 16, Gen. Twiggs agreed to evacuate his troops with arms and personal gear. Further pressure was used and one Feb. 18 he surrendered over $3,000,000 worth of Federal Property: Ordnance, wagons, mules horses, supplies, money and a chain of forts.
Gen. Twigs, native of Georgia, career soldier, veteran of war of 1812 and Mexican war, was 70 and in poor health. He held sacred his oath as an officer. Since Dec. 27, 1860, he had written 4 times to his superior in Washington, general of the army Winfield Scott, for orders to use in event Texas seceded. He had no reply. Nevertheless, surrender brought him dismissal for treachery-and personal heartbreak.
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