Lac Courte Oreilles, Chippewa - Wisconsin, USA
N 45° 47.736 W 091° 21.429
15T E 627676 N 5072650
Quick Description: The Lac Courte Oreilles reservation is 70,000 acres in size and is located in northern Wisconsin. It is home to the Lac Courte Oreilles Tribe of the Chippewa.
Location: Wisconsin, United States
Date Posted: 11/5/2007 7:01:31 PM
Waymark Code: WM2HH5
From the Lac Courte Oreilles web site:
"The Lac Courte Oreilles Tribe is one of six bands of the Lake Superior Band of Chippewa Indians who entered into treaties with the United States in 1837, 1842, and 1854. The Chippewa of this area have a long and rich heritage. It is thought that they migrated to the Lake Superior region from Canada along the St. Lawrence waterway.
The Chippewa have been known by many names, and to this day, Canadians refer to them as "Ojibwa". The word "Chippewa" is considered a corruption of speech. The origion of these two names is said to refer to a "manner of speech", a style of moccasin, or to a cooking method", and means pucker. Some Chippewa prefer to call themselves "Anishenabe" meaning "original or first man", although this term is not widely used. "Chippewa" gained general acceptance in the United States after its use on the treaties of the nineteenth century.
The Chippewa are members of the Algonquin linguistic family which also includes the Ottawa, Potawatomi, Fox, Cree, Menominee, and many other well known tribes.
Historians have divided the Chippewa story into periods in which they came into contact with the white culture, namely: the period before European settlement, the French, the English, and finally the United States terms. Little is known of the Chippewa history prior to white contact due to an absence of written records covering that era, however, the tribe has an oral tradition in which information has been kept and passed down generation to generation through stories. The tribe, like many others, has a creation story and an account of their journey from eastern Canada to the Great Lakes Region.
There are a number of mounds on the south shore of Lac Courte Oreilles Lake and other areas nearby which provides evidence that the area was the home of Mound Builders which may have extended as far back as 500 B.C.