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FIRST - Geodesic Dome Greenhouse in World - St Louis, Missouri
Posted by: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
N 38° 36.844 W 090° 15.508
15S E 738698 N 4277516
Quick Description: At the time of its opening in 1960 the Climatron at the Missouri Botanical Garden was the world's first geodesic dome greenhouse.
Location: Missouri, United States
Date Posted: 5/10/2007 9:17:24 PM
Waymark Code: WM1HC8
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 202

Long Description:
The geodesic dome was patented by Buckminster Fuller in 1954. A geodesic dome is a hemisphere made up of a network of lightweight but strong triangles to perfectly distribute stress, thus requiring no interior supports and allowing maximum space and light for the plants.

In 1961, architects Murphy and Mackey won the Reynolds Award, a prize for architectural excellence in a structure using aluminum. In 1976, the Climatron was named one of the 100 most significant architectural achievements in United States history.

Climatron Facts:

Built: 1960
Restored: 1990
Building materials: concrete, aluminum, and Plexiglas (now Saflex)
Architects: Murphy and Mackey
Construction costs in 1960: $776,000
Restoration costs in 1990: $6 million
Height: 70 feet (21 meters)
Diameter: 175 feet (53 meters)
Volume: 1.3 million cubic feet
Ground surface: 24,000 square feet (more than 1/2 acre)
Panels making up the dome: 2,425
Daytime temperature: 85 degrees F (29 degrees C)
Nighttime temperature: 64 degrees F(18 degrees C)
Average humidity: 86 percent
Plants inside: over 1,200 species

The Climatron's website

Type of documentation of superlative status: Website

Location of coordinates: Entrances to Climatron

Web Site: [Web Link]

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