Grimes Canyon Burnt Shale
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member TerryDad2
N 34° 20.828 W 118° 54.798
11S E 324020 N 3802304
Quick Description: Portions of the Monterey Shale found Grimes Canyon have been subjected to high temperatures as the organic material typically found within this formation burned creating a area of “Burnt Rock.”
Location: California, United States
Date Posted: 3/27/2007 8:19:03 PM
Waymark Code: WM1BT2
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache
Views: 157

Long Description:

Outcrops of burnt rock are found in a road cut and cliffs on the east side of Grimes Canyon a little south of Fillmore. There is a pullout with ample parking. The features can be seen from the car, but the best examples do require walking over uneven ground and weedwacking (terrain 2.5). Watch for snakes, they love the rocky slopes.

The Monterey Formation is common near the coast of California. In fact, similar rocks were deposited throughout the Pacific Rim during the Miocene (17.5 to 6 million years ago). All of these rocks share similar characteristics. They are

  • Diatomaceous (made up of the shells of microscopic plankton called diatoms)
  • Phosphatic (containing phosphate)
  • Dolomitic (containing dolomine); and
  • Rich in organic matter (oil and gas).

This last characteristic, being rich in organic matter, makes these rocks economically important because they often are reservoirs for oil and gas. Most of the off-shore oil rigs along the California coast are pulling oil from this formation. Across the Pacific, Japan has similar rocks and oil reserves.

Whether from a lightning strike, spontaneous combustion, or some other natural ignition source, the organic material in this area of the Monterey Formation somehow began to burn and change the surrounding rock in a process called combustion metamorphism. Exhaust and steam moved upward from the fire altering rock far above the subsurface fire. This movement of air sucked in oxygen from the atmosphere inward through fractures in the rock. References estimate that the temperature exceeded 1650 deg C, enough to melt the rock.

This changed the surrounding rock into ash, slag, and glass-like material similar to obsidian that is sometimes called fused shale. Thin ribbons of purple, red, yellow, and black fused shale can be seen in the road cut and cliffs. Additionally, during the recrystallization, the rock acquired a magnetism that is stronger than the surrounding rocks.

In the road cut the fused shale is in an approximate 3-inch thick ribbon near the top of the cut (see the picture with coordinates). In the cliffs, there are a series of layers with fused shale, but you should find some large examples in the rocks that lie at the base of the cliff at the coordinates. Look for the purple and black glassy rocks.

Fused shale was used by the local Native American Villages to create sharp tools and trade with other villages. Its use may have begun 5000 years ago. Currently the material is mined and used as a decorative stone.

Waymark is confirmed to be publicly accessible: yes

Requires a high clearance vehicle to visit.: no

Requires 4x4 vehicle to visit.: no

Public Transport available: no

Parking Coordinates: Not Listed

Access fee (In local currency): Not Listed

Website reference: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
No specific requirements, just have fun visiting the waymark.
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DeCoyote visited Grimes Canyon Burnt Shale 6/14/2013 DeCoyote visited it