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Borel-Morane Monoplane - Ottawa, Ontario
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Weathervane
N 45° 27.485 W 075° 38.649
18T E 449637 N 5034041
Quick Description: Built by the Société anonyme des aéroplanes Morane-Borel-Saulnier, this Borel-Morane monoplane is the only surviving aircraft of its type in the world and the oldest surviving aircraft to have flown in Canada.
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date Posted: 7/11/2019 6:44:46 AM
Waymark Code: WM10YB9
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member DougK
Views: 1

Long Description:
From an information panel on site:

Innovating to
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In 1910, bothers Gabriel and Albert Borel, along with Léon Morane, co-founded an aircraft company. They were joined a month later by Raymond Saulnier, who had previously worked with Louis Blériot. This new company's first aircraft, the Borel-Morane, strongly resembled the Blériot XI, but it was lighter, faster and more powerful. They received orders from many sources, including armed forces that were hoping to put aircraft to practical use.

The following is from the Canadian Aviation and Space Museum's Website:

Borel-Morane Monoplane

Designed in France in 1911 and developed by Raymond Saulnier, Leon Morane and Gilbert Borel, heads of the Société anonyme des aéroplanes Morane-Borel-Saulnier

A single-seater, single-engine monoplane used for recreational flight, aircraft racing and air demonstrations

Basic design was inspired by the Blériot XI, a French monoplane developed by Louis Blériot and Raymond Saulnier

Frequently flown in aircraft races by pioneering aviator Jules Védrines

First flight was in 1911
Artifact no.:
Société anonyme des aéroplanes Borel-Morane-Saulnier
Manufacturer Location:
Manufacture Date:
Registration no.:
Acquisition Date:

In 1909, Louis Blériot gained world-wide fame for crossing the English Channel in his Blériot XI monoplane. Raymond Saulnier, who had worked with Blériot, soon left him to design and build an aeroplane of his own. Saulnier, with his childhood friend Leon Morane and Gilbert Borel, formed the Société anonyme des aéroplanes Morane-Borel-Saulnier in 1911 and developed the little monoplane known as the Borel-Morane.

This single-seat aircraft has a simple V-leg landing gear with a small skid beside each wheel, a tall double tail skid, elliptical wingtips and a high rectangular rudder. The tailplane is fitted with tip elevators and the aft fuselage was sometimes left uncovered. The wing is braced with wires attached to a pyramidal pylon and the aircraft was usually powered by a cowled Anzani or Gnome engine of about 50 hp. The number of ribs in the Borel-Morane wings varied with the aircraft version.

Current Location:

Pioneer era Exhibition, Canada Aviation and Space Museum



This Borel-Morane is the only surviving aircraft of its type in the world and the oldest surviving aircraft to have flown in Canada. It was imported to the United States from France in 1912 by Georges Mestach, a Belgian exhibition pilot, and Ernest Mathis, Mestach’s manager and mechanic. Mestach and Mathis exhibited the aircraft across North America, with stops that included Quebec City, Sherbrooke and Winnipeg.

The aircraft crashed several times, once in Winnipeg, where the harsh prairie winds proved too much for the Borel-Morane. Another crash occurred during an air meet in Chicago, and resulted in North America’s first midair collision fatality. Earl S. Daugherty, an American exhibition pilot, then acquired and flew the aircraft and it remained in his family’s possession until the Museum purchased it in 2002.

Conservation of the aircraft required a significant amount of time and resources. To learn more about the process, visit the Museum's Conservation page, under Collections.

Technical Information:

Wing Span 9.1 m (30 ft)
Length 7.0 m (23 ft)
Height 2.7 m (9 ft)
Weight, Empty 250 kg (550 lb)
Weight, Gross 320 kg (700 lb)
Cruising Speed 90 km/h (55 mph)
Max Speed 115 km/h (70 mph)
Rate of Climb Unknown
Service Ceiling Unknown
Range Unknown
Power Plant Gnome Omega rotary, 50 hp

Reference: (visit link)

Additional and relevant information from the Museum: (visit link)
Type of Aircraft: (make/model): Borel-Morane Monoplane

Tail Number: (S/N): Unknown

Construction:: original aircraft

Location (park, airport, museum, etc.): Canadian Aviation and Space Museum

inside / outside: inside

Other Information::
Space and Aviation Museum - Ottawa, Ontario Opening hours Daily 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Admission fees Adult $15, Youth (3-17) $10 Senior (age 60+) / Student $13 - Free on Thursday from 4 to 5 PM

Access restrictions:
Aircrafts cannot be touched. There are barriers on the floor that serve to prevent visitors from approaching too close and touching the aircraft.

Visit Instructions:
Photo of aircraft (required - will be interesting to see if the aircraft is ever repainted or progress if being restored)
Photo of serial number (required unless there is not one or it is a replica)
Photo(s) of any artwork on the aircraft (optional but interesting)

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