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Alter Stadtwächter - Potsdam, Germany
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Bernd das Brot Team
N 52° 23.908 E 013° 02.893
33U E 367208 N 5807149
Quick Description: A former toll house, now serving as a restaurant
Location: Brandenburg, Germany
Date Posted: 3/2/2019 7:04:32 AM
Waymark Code: WM105FD
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Dragontree
Views: 0

Long Description:

Today, Alter Stadtwächter (meaning Ye Old Town Watchman in German) is a popular restaurant. But for over 100 years, it was the town's toll house. The house is not just close to the old city walls, it is actually part of it (pictures above). For the last 300 years, the building had quite a colorful history:

In 1713, king Frederick William I, popularly known as "the Soldier-King" declared the Prussian capital Potsdam the "Heart of the Military Monarchy." Only a few months after his inauguration, the first battalion of riflemen marched into town, three more battalions followed shortly after.

In 1722, the King had a wall built around the city - not to keep enemies out, but to keep soldiers from deserting. Next to the city's Brandenburg Gate, a guard house for the King's Uhlan-Guard was incorporated into the wall.

Between 1713 and 1740, the town's civilian population grew from 1,500 to almost 12,000 and most of them made a living by supplying the military. Thus, there now was a need to protect the city's wealth and the wall became known as the Akzisemauer or Toll Wall and the former guard house became the official toll house of the city. It was used until the mid 1800s, when the town grew past the original walled-in boundaries.

For the next 150 years, the house was used for several purposes, ranging from horse stables to a workshop and a library. In 1993, it opened as a restaurant.

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