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Master Architects - International Style
Description:
The term “International Style” refers to the buildings of the early years of the modern movement, typically considered to be from the 1920’s until WWII. This category is for waymarking the work of the following group of architects considered to be masters of the style: Aalto, Mies Van der Rohe, Gropius, Le Corbusier, Kahn, Johnson, Neutra, and Niemeyer, Becket, Lescaze, Villaneuva, Peutz, Rapson, Rietveld, and Schindler.
Expanded Description:
The term “International Style” refers to the buildings and architects of the early years of the modern movement, typically considered to be from the 1920’s until WWII. The common characteristics are easy to identify: extreme simplification of form, no ornament, and use of glass, steel and concrete as the main materials.

The chosen ideals of the style are expressed in the following slogans: ornament is a crime (Adolf Loos), truth to materials, form follows function (Louis Sullivan), and the description of the house as a “machine for living” (Le Corbusier).

The belief systems that led to this architecture are now considered naïve, and the architecture is said to be cold and withdrawn. However, there were several masters of the style who designed wonderful examples of the simplistic beauty of form that can be achieved in these “machines”. In this category we will waymark the work of those architects, the creators and masters of the International Style. We realize that some of the architects’ early and late work may fall into other stylistic forms, however they are still allowed in this category. This will give a full breadth of the style from its early beginnings to its movement beyond modernism.

There are many architects that could be chosen to represent the style, however, for the reason of simplicity we have chosen the architects listed on the International Style Wikipedia page. They are: Alvar Aalto (Finnish), Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (German), Walter Gropius (German), Le Corbusier (Swiss/French), Louis Kahn (American), Philip Johnson (American), Richard Neutra (Viennese), and Oscar Niemeyer (Brazilian), Welton Becket (American), William Lescaze (Swiss/American), Carlos Raul Villanueva (Venezuelan), Frits Peutz (Dutch), Ralph Rapson (American), Gerrit Rietveld (Dutch), and Rudolf Schindler (Austrian/American),. Eileen Gray is included on the list, however she was a furniture designer.

Allowable as waymarks are any buildings or large structures (bridges, pavilions, etc.) designed by the aforementioned architects. Items such as furniture, lighting, or sculpture that they have designed, although wonderful, is not to be posted to this category. If the building is a residence, please be respectful and take coordinates from the best viewpoint, rather than at the building's entrance.

Instructions for Posting a Master Architects - International Style Waymark:
Please name the waymark in this way: “ Architect Name – Building Name - City, Country”.

The following information is required:

  • Coordinates of building
  • 2 pictures showing different view of the building, more if possible to highlight details
  • Architect name
  • Building name
  • Date built
  • City building is located in
  • Please include information about the building and its history in your waymark description. Waymarks must include information about the building to be approved. You don't have to write a thesis, just spend a little time learning about the building so you can share it with others.

  • Instructions for Visiting a Waymark in this Category:
    To help give a different perspective and to better the waymark for future visitors please tell us about your visit and upload a favorite photograph you took of the structure.

    Although visiting this waymark in person is the only thing required of you to receive credit for your visit, taking the time to add this information is greatly appreciated.
    Category Settings:
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    • New waymarks of this category are reviewed by the category group prior to being published
    • Category is visible in the directory
    Variables:
    • Architect
    • Building Type
    • Date Built
    • City building is located in
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    Currently displaying Master Architects - International Style

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    Total Records: 105 Page: 1 of 5 prev<<<[12345]>>>next
    Image for Laubenganghäuserview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleLaubenganghäuser

    in Master Architects - International Style

    Die Laubenganghäuser sind ein weiteres Werk der alten Bauhausmeister. Die Siedlung um Törten und Dessau-Süd wurden entscheidend von den Bauhausgründern und Junkers gestalltet

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member kishin

    location: Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany

    date approved: 4/19/2014

    last visited: never

    Image for Le Corbusier - Cité Frugès - Pessac, Franceview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleLe Corbusier - Cité Frugès - Pessac, France

    in Master Architects - International Style

    [FR] La Cité Frugès est l’un des deux lotissements conçus par l’architecte français d'origine suisse Le Corbusier en 1924 pour Henry Frugès.[EN] La Cité Frugès is a 1920s housing estate of particular architectural and historical significance.

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

    location: Aquitaine, France

    date approved: 4/19/2014

    last visited: never

    Image for Le Corbusier - Maison du Brésil - Paris, Franceview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleLe Corbusier - Maison du Brésil - Paris, France

    in Master Architects - International Style

    [FR] La maison du Brésil est issu d'un projet moderne et original de deux architectes mondialement reconnus, Lucio Costa et Le Corbusier. [EN] The Maison du Brésil designed by Le Corbusier and Lúcio Costa.

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

    location: Île-de-France, France

    date approved: 2/24/2014

    last visited: never

    Image for Aalvar Alto - Library at the Mount Angel Abbey -  St. Benedict, ORview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleAalvar Alto - Library at the Mount Angel Abbey - St. Benedict, OR

    in Master Architects - International Style

    The Mount Angel Abbey Library was designed by Alvar Aalto and includes featurs such as daylighting, a visual connection through curving atrium, structural expression, a fan-shaped plan, and a facade which continues to the courtyard edge.

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member dkestrel

    location: Oregon

    date approved: 2/20/2014

    last visited: never

    Image for Le Corbusier - Immeuble Molitor - Boulogne-Billancourt, Franceview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleLe Corbusier - Immeuble Molitor - Boulogne-Billancourt, France

    in Master Architects - International Style

    [FR] L’appartement, qui occupe les deux derniers niveaux de l’immeuble Molitor fut son atelier de peinture [EN] It was here that Le Corbusier chose to live and paint, on the 7th and 8th floors of his Immeuble Molitor.

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

    location: Île-de-France, France

    date approved: 2/2/2014

    last visited: never

    Image for Le Corbusier - Villa Cook - Boulogne-Billancourt, Franceview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleLe Corbusier - Villa Cook - Boulogne-Billancourt, France

    in Master Architects - International Style

    [FR] Ici sont appliquées très clairement les certitudes acquises jusqu'ici... [EN] The sculptor Jacques Lipchitz introduced the American journalist, William E. Cook and his wife Jeanne, to the architect Le Corbusier.

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

    location: Île-de-France, France

    date approved: 2/2/2014

    last visited: never

    Image for Walter Gropius - Der Spiegel Building - Hamburg, Germanyview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleWalter Gropius - Der Spiegel Building - Hamburg, Germany

    in Master Architects - International Style

    This ensemble of buildings is the home of the SPIEGEL, a weekly print magazine, online magazine, and documentary film production company and site in Hamburg, Germany.

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member alsterdrache

    location: Hamburg, Germany

    date approved: 1/27/2014

    last visited: 4/18/2014

    Image for Louis Isadore Kahn - Fred E. and Elaine Cox Clever House - Cherry Hill, NJview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleLouis Isadore Kahn - Fred E. and Elaine Cox Clever House - Cherry Hill, NJ

    in Master Architects - International Style

    Our home town can brag about having 3 structures built by prominent architects, the J A Sweeton House (1950) by Frank Lloyd Wright, the Well‘s Office Building & Residence by Malcom Wells and this beauty, the Clever House (1962) By Louis Isadore Kahn.

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Math Teacher

    location: New Jersey

    date approved: 8/15/2013

    last visited: never

    Image for Richard Neutra - Hofman House - Hillsborough, CAview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleRichard Neutra - Hofman House - Hillsborough, CA

    in Master Architects - International Style

    The Hofmann house is located in Hillsborough, CA. It has sleek, white walls and is made of levels of simple geometric shapes. The house is behind a gate.

    posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member saopaulo1

    location: California

    date approved: 4/3/2013

    last visited: never

    Image for Philip Johnson - Kunsthalle - Bielefeld, Germanyview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StylePhilip Johnson - Kunsthalle - Bielefeld, Germany

    in Master Architects - International Style

    The Bielefeld Kunsthalle (Art Gallery) was built by American master architect Philip Johnson in 1968.

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member kittyposse

    location: Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany

    date approved: 2/19/2013

    last visited: never

    Image for Le Corbusier, Chapelle Notre-Dame du Haut, Ronchamp, Franceview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleLe Corbusier, Chapelle Notre-Dame du Haut, Ronchamp, France

    in Master Architects - International Style

    La SUPERBE Chapelle Notre-Dame du Haut de Le Corbusier! Famous twentieth-century Architect!

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Ourspolaire&Gemeloj

    location: Lorraine, France

    date approved: 6/22/2012

    last visited: 9/30/2012

    Image for Walter Gropius - Gropius House - Lincoln, MAview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleWalter Gropius - Gropius House - Lincoln, MA

    in Master Architects - International Style

    Walter Gropius, the founder of the German Bauhaus (Building House) school of design, built this personal residence on 68 Baker Bridge Road in Lincoln, MA.

    posted by: Groundspeak Charter Member neoc1

    location: Massachusetts

    date approved: 4/9/2012

    last visited: 4/12/2009

    Image for Louis Kahn - First Unitarian Church - Winton Road, Brighton, NYview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleLouis Kahn - First Unitarian Church - Winton Road, Brighton, NY

    in Master Architects - International Style

    Just outside the city limits of Rochester, NY, at 220 Winton Rd South, Brighton, NY 14610, this church is cross-listed under Great Buildings.

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member sagefemme

    location: New York

    date approved: 2/21/2012

    last visited: never

    Image for Mies van der Rohe - Barcelona Pavilion — Barcelona, Spainview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleMies van der Rohe - Barcelona Pavilion — Barcelona, Spain

    in Master Architects - International Style

    The Barcelona Pavilion, designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, was the German Pavilion for the 1929 International Exposition in Barcelona, Spain.

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member prussel

    location: Cataluña, Spain

    date approved: 11/28/2011

    last visited: 3/18/2014

    Image for Oscar Niemeyer - Casino da Madeira - Funchal, Portugalview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleOscar Niemeyer - Casino da Madeira - Funchal, Portugal

    in Master Architects - International Style

    The Casino of Madeira is a building designed by the famous Brasilian Architect Oscar Niemeyer. It was inaugurated in 1976.

    posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member manchanegra

    location: Arquipélago da Madeira, Portugal

    date approved: 11/27/2011

    last visited: 7/16/2013

    Image for Welton Becket - Glendale Central Library - Glendale, CAview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleWelton Becket - Glendale Central Library - Glendale, CA

    in Master Architects - International Style

    The main branch of the Glendale Public Library opened in 1973. The library was completed by the architecture firm of Welton Becket Associates, after his death. The library reflects an offshoot of late modernism known as Brutalism.

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member DougK

    location: California

    date approved: 11/19/2011

    last visited: never

    Image for Richard Neutra – Gettysburg Cyclorama - Getysburg, PAview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleRichard Neutra – Gettysburg Cyclorama - Getysburg, PA

    in Master Architects - International Style

    Now mothballed, the Cyclorama was once a really cool attraction featuring a 360° picture of the battle painted by Paul Philippoteaux & first displayed in 1959. This Richard Neutra designed building once doubled as the official visitor center.

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Math Teacher

    location: Pennsylvania

    date approved: 10/13/2011

    last visited: 9/6/2012

    Image for Mies van der Rohe - Lafayette Towers East - Detroit, MIview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleMies van der Rohe - Lafayette Towers East - Detroit, MI

    in Master Architects - International Style

    Lafayette Towers Apartments East (1301 Orleans Street, Detroit, Michigan) is one of two apartment buildings designed by Mies van der Rohe.

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

    location: Michigan

    date approved: 8/28/2011

    last visited: 7/18/2013

    Image for Mies van der Rohe - Lafayette Towers West - Detroit, MIview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleMies van der Rohe - Lafayette Towers West - Detroit, MI

    in Master Architects - International Style

    Lafayette Towers Apartments West (1321 Orleans Street, Detroit, Michigan) is one of two identical apartment buildings designed by Mies van der Rohe.

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

    location: Michigan

    date approved: 8/28/2011

    last visited: 7/18/2013

    Image for Mies van der Rohe - Lafayette Park Townhouses - Detroit, MIview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleMies van der Rohe - Lafayette Park Townhouses - Detroit, MI

    in Master Architects - International Style

    Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig Hilberseimer and Alfred Caldwell planed this 78-acre (32 ha) urban renewal project constructed on the site of the former Black Bottom area.

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

    location: Michigan

    date approved: 8/28/2011

    last visited: 8/6/2013

    Image for Mies van der Rohe - Two Illinois Center - Chicagoview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleMies van der Rohe - Two Illinois Center - Chicago

    in Master Architects - International Style

    Two Illinois Center was built three years after One Illinois Center.

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

    location: Illinois

    date approved: 7/26/2011

    last visited: 10/10/2011

    Image for Mies van der Rohe - One Illinois Center - Chicagoview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleMies van der Rohe - One Illinois Center - Chicago

    in Master Architects - International Style

    111 East Wacker Drive (One Illinois Center) is a 30-story signature office building completed in 1970 and was one of the last works of legendary architect, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

    location: Illinois

    date approved: 7/24/2011

    last visited: 11/9/2011

    Image for Le Corbusier - Pavillon Suisse - Cité Universitaire, Paris, Franceview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleLe Corbusier - Pavillon Suisse - Cité Universitaire, Paris, France

    in Master Architects - International Style

    The Pavillon Suisse or Swiss pavilion was built in 1932 at the Cité International Universitaire, Paris

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member tmob

    location: Île-de-France, France

    date approved: 7/24/2011

    last visited: 2/23/2014

    Image for Mies van der Rohe - Chicago Federal Center - Chicagoview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleMies van der Rohe - Chicago Federal Center - Chicago

    in Master Architects - International Style

    In 1960, the U.S. General Services Administration chose to construct a new office complex in Chicago's Loop District that would house thirty different agencies that were now scattered throughout the Windy City.

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

    location: Illinois

    date approved: 7/20/2011

    last visited: 9/1/2013

    Image for Mies van der Rohe - 900-910 Lake Shore Drive - Chicagoview gallery
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    Master Architects - International StyleMies van der Rohe - 900-910 Lake Shore Drive - Chicago

    in Master Architects - International Style

    The Esplanade Apartments were the first high-rise buildings designed by Mies to fully implement a continuous exterior curtain wall that was articulated separate from the building’s structural frame.

    posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

    location: Illinois

    date approved: 7/20/2011

    last visited: never

    Total Records: 105 Page: 1 of 5 prev<<<[12345]>>>next
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