Show/HideSearch Criteria: All Waymarks [show search options]
Additional Settings: all dates
Show/HideCategories [hide category]
In Search of the Celts
 allows ratings
Description:
A collection of locations related to the life and culture of the ancient Celts.
Expanded Description:
Celtic archeological evidence can be found in Western Europe and countries bordering the north shore of the Mediterranean Sea. Collections of Celtic remains could be housed in museums around the world. Traces of Celtic civilization can be seen in modern place names.

Locations in this category must be of physical remains/ruins of preliterate (prior to the Christian era) Celtic civilization or "in-situ" reconstructions, or collections/pieces of archeological significance, for example in museums. Additionally, locations can be of city/village/dorf/named place limit signs or major landmarks of cities whose name can be traced to Celtic origin (Only 1 waymark per city/village/dorf/named place please). Examples : Paris and Chartres. (No New World cities named after the Old World original please).

Locations associated with the modern history of the ancestors of the Celts (Irish, Scots, Welsh, etc.) are excluded.

See following for more information on this civilization.

This monolithic culture spread from Ireland to Asia Minor (the Galatians of the New Testament). The Celts even sacked Rome in 390 BC and successfully invaded and sacked several Greek cities in 280 BC. Even though there is no written record of the Celts stemming from their own documents, a fair picture of them can be pieced together from archeological evidence as well as historical accounts from other cultures.

The period of Celtic dominance in Europe began to unravel in the first centuries AD, with the expansion of Rome, the migrations of the Germans, and later the influx of an Asian immigrant population, the Huns. By the time Rome fell to Gothic invaders, the Celts had been pushed west and north, to England, Wales and Ireland and later to Scotland and the northern coast of France.

Most of what is known about Celtic life comes from Ireland. Early Celtic societies were organized around warfare. Although classical Greek and Roman writers considered the Celts to be violently insane, warfare was not an organized process of territorial conquest. Among the Celts, warfare seems to have mainly been a sport, focussing on raids and hunting. In Ireland, the institution of the fianna involved young, aristocratic warriors who left the tribal area for a time to conduct raids and to hunt.

Celtic society was based almost entirely on pastoralism and the raising of cattle or sheep; there was some agriculture in the Celtic world, but not much. The importance of cattle and the pastoral life created a unique institution in Celtic, particularly Irish, life: the cattle-raid. The stealing of another group's cattle was often the proving point of a group of young warriors.

There was no urbanization of any kind among the Celts until the advent of Roman rule; in Ireland, urbanization did not occur until the Danish and Norwegian invasions. Society was not based on trade or commerce; what trade took place was largely in the form of barter. Celtic economy was probably based on the economic principle of most tribal economies: reciprocity. In a reciprocal economy, goods and other services are not exchanged for other goods, but they are given by individuals to individuals based on mutual kinship relationships and obligations.

It is almost certain that the material world of the Celts was suffused with divinity that was both advantageous and harmful. Certain areas were considered more charged with divinity than others, especially pools, lakes and small groves, which were the sites of the cental ritual activities of Celtic life. The Celts were non-urbanized and according to Roman sources, Celtic ritual involved no temples or building structures—Celtic ritual life, then, was centered mainly on the natural environment. Celtic ritual life centered on a special class, called the druides or "druids" by the Romans, presumably from a Gaulish word. Although much has been written about druids and Celtic ritual practice, next to nothing is known about either. As a special group, the druids performed many of the functions that would be considered "priestly" functions, including ritual and sacrifice, but they also included functions that would be placed under "education" and "law." These rituals and practices were probably kept secret—a tradition common among early Indo-European peoples—which helps to explain why the classical world knows nothing about them. The only thing that the classical sources attest is that the druids performed "barbaric" or "horrid" rituals at lakes and groves; there was a fair amount of consensus among the Greeks and Romans that these rituals involved human sacrifice. This may or may not be true; there is some evidence of human sacrifice among the Celts, but it does not seem to have been a prevalent practice.

The earliest Celts who were major players in the classical world were the Gauls, who controlled an area extending from France to Switzerland. It was the Gauls who sacked Rome and later invaded Greece; it was also the Gauls that migrated to Asia Minor to found their own, independent culture there, that of the Galatians. Through invasion and migration, they spread into Spain and later crossed the Alps into Italy and permanently settled the area south of the Alps which the Romans then named, Cisalpine Gaul.

Two Celtic tribes, the Cimbri and the Teutones ("Teuton," an ethnic for Germans, is derived from the Celtic root for "people"), emigrated east and settled in territory in Germany.

The Gaulish tribes or territories frequently built fortifications that served as the military and political center of the region. These fortified centers took their names from the larger tribe—for instance, Paris took its name from the tribe of Parisi and Chartres was originally named after the tribe, the Carnuti, which had built it.

In Britain the Romans found a disunified group of tribal kingdoms organized around the same logic of warfare as the Gauls. Most of the tribes were new arrivals—the bulk of southern Britain had been conquered by the Belgae from northern Gaul. The Celts in the north and in Wales fiercely resisted Roman culture, and the Romans never even set foot in Ireland. On the whole, the Romans more greatly respected and tolerated Celtic institutions and religions in Britain, so there was considerably less assimilation than in Gaul. Britain fell prey to the same Germanic emigrations and invasions that spread across Gaul, Spain, and Italy. The Saxon emigration began in eastern England until they spread entirely across lowland England. The mountainous areas to the west (Wales) and the north (Scotland), however, remained Celtic, as did Ireland. By the end of the fifth century AD, only Wales, Scotland, and Ireland remained of the great Celtic tribal kingdoms that had dominated the face of Europe.

It was in Ireland that Celtic culture and institutions lasted the longest—although Christianity was introduced at an early date, Ireland did not suffer any major invasions or cultural changes until the invasions of the Norwegians and the Danish in the eighth century. The Irish also represent the last great migration of Celtic peoples. In the fourth and fifth centuries, the Irish crossed over into Scotland and systematically invaded that territory until they politically dominated the Picts who lived there. The settling of Scotland in the fifth century was the very last wave of Celtic migration.

For a good overview of the Celts you can go to The Celts

Instructions for Posting a In Search of the Celts Waymark:
Locations in this category must be of physical remains/ruins of preliterate Celtic civilization or "in-situ" reconstructions, or collections/pieces of archeological significance, for example in museums. Additionally, locations can be of city/village/dorf/named place limit signs or major landmarks of cities whose name can be traced to Celtic origin (Only 1 waymark per city/village/dorf/named place please). Examples : Paris and Chartres.

Locations associated with the modern history of the ancesters of the Celts (Irish, Scots, Welsh, etc.) will be rejected.

You must include a photo indicating the named place sign, object(s) and/or visible remains or reconstruction as the case may be.

Please indicate the source which allowed you to identify it. (guided tour, guidebook, sign, other literature, internet, etc.) If a place name, please point out how it is of Celtic origin. Waymarks which cannot be confirmed as conforming to the criteria via available media may be rejected.

Instructions for Visiting a Waymark in this Category:
No special requirements.
Category Settings:
  • Waymarks can be added to this category
  • New waymarks of this category are reviewed by the category group prior to being published
  • Category is visible in the directory
Variables:
  • Admission Fee (local currency)
  • Opening days/times
  • Web Site
  • Condition
Show/HideWaymarks [hide waymarks]
Currently displaying In Search of the Celts

sorted by:

 
Total Records: 128 Page: 1 of 6 prev<<<[123456]>>>next
Image for Musée départemental de Préhistoire d'Île-de-France - Nemours, Franceview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsMusée départemental de Préhistoire d'Île-de-France - Nemours, France

in In Search of the Celts

[FR] Ce poignard a été découvert dans la tombe d’un guerrier gaulois à Châtenay-sur-Seine. [EN] This dagger was discovered in the tomb of a Gallic warrior at Châtenay-sur-Seine.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

location: Île-de-France, France

date approved: 11/7/2014

last visited: never

Image for Nemours - Franceview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsNemours - France

in In Search of the Celts

[FR] La commune doit son nom à une divinité gauloise Nemausus qui est également à l'origine de Nîmes. [EN] The community owes its name to a Gallic divinity Nemausus who is also at the origin of Nîmes.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

location: Île-de-France, France

date approved: 11/6/2014

last visited: never

Image for Saintes - Franceview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsSaintes - France

in In Search of the Celts

[FR] Le peuple Celte Santons donna son nom à Saintes et à la Saintonge. [EN] The Santones were a tribe of ancient Gaul located around the city of Saintes to which they gave their name.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

location: Poitou-Charentes, France

date approved: 10/22/2014

last visited: never

Image for Cognac - Franceview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsCognac - France

in In Search of the Celts

[FR] L'origine du nom de Cognac remonterait à un personnage gallo-romain Connius, dérivé de Connus, nom gaulois. [EN] The origin of the name Cognac goes back to a Gallo-Roman named Connius, derived from Connus, which is a Gallic name.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

location: Poitou-Charentes, France

date approved: 10/18/2014

last visited: never

Image for Musée archéologique - Pons, Franceview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsMusée archéologique - Pons, France

in In Search of the Celts

[FR] Le musée conserve des collections issues des fouilles effectuées dans la ville et surtout depuis les années 1960. [EN] The museum displays collection coming from digs around the community and especially during the 1960s.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

location: Poitou-Charentes, France

date approved: 10/17/2014

last visited: never

Image for Niort - Franceview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsNiort - France

in In Search of the Celts

[FR] Niort est une commune du centre-ouest de la France, chef-lieu du département des Deux-Sèvres (région Poitou-Charentes). [EN] Niort is a commune in the Deux-Sèvres department in western France.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

location: Poitou-Charentes, France

date approved: 10/4/2014

last visited: 11/22/2014

Image for Le musée Sainte-Croix - Poitiers, Franceview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsLe musée Sainte-Croix - Poitiers, France

in In Search of the Celts

[FR] Le musée présente le superbe trésor de monnaies gauloises de Chevanceaux (Charente-Maritime). [EN] The superb treasure of celtic coins from Chevanceaux in the Charente-Maritime department is on display here.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

location: Poitou-Charentes, France

date approved: 9/22/2014

last visited: never

Image for Keltische Exponate im Badisches Landesmuseum  - Karlsruhe/Germanyview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsKeltische Exponate im Badisches Landesmuseum - Karlsruhe/Germany

in In Search of the Celts

Vitrinen mit Keltischen Funstücken im Raum Baden. You will find here an informative presentation of the riches of the celtic past in German state "Baden".

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member KaPsTeam

location: Baden-Württemberg, Germany

date approved: 9/7/2014

last visited: never

Image for Musée lorrain - Nancy, Franceview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsMusée lorrain - Nancy, France

in In Search of the Celts

[FR] Vous y trouverez un parcours didactique présentant la richesse du passé celte et gallo-romain de la Lorraine. [EN] You will find here an informative presentation of the riches of the celtic and gallo roman past of Lorraine.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

location: Lorraine, France

date approved: 8/22/2014

last visited: never

Image for Hallstatt Culture - Hallstatt, Austriaview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsHallstatt Culture - Hallstatt, Austria

in In Search of the Celts

The Hallstatt culture is commonly associated with Proto-Celtic and Celtic populations in the Western Hallstatt zone. It is named for its type site, Hallstatt, a lakeside village in the Austrian Salzkammergut southeast of Salzburg.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

location: Oberösterreich, Austria

date approved: 7/1/2014

last visited: never

Image for Citânia de Sanfins - Paços de Ferreira, Portugalview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsCitânia de Sanfins - Paços de Ferreira, Portugal

in In Search of the Celts

[PT]É uma das mais importantes zonas arqueológicas da civilização castreja na Península Ibérica. [EN]It is one of the most important archaeological areas of fortified civilization in the Iberian Peninsula.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member razalas

location: Porto, Portugal

date approved: 5/6/2014

last visited: never

Image for 5 Celtic Burial Mounds - Bondorf, Germany, BWview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the Celts5 Celtic Burial Mounds - Bondorf, Germany, BW

in In Search of the Celts

In the forrest 'Bernloch' between Bondorf and Baisingen, Germany, Baden-Württemberg exist five ancient celtic burial mounds. They can be found at the forrest lane 'Keltenweg'.

posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Tante.Hossi

location: Baden-Württemberg, Germany

date approved: 4/7/2014

last visited: never

Image for Jumpferestei - Wenslingen, BL, Switzerlandview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsJumpferestei - Wenslingen, BL, Switzerland

in In Search of the Celts

This stone structure just outside the ruins of a medieval castle was a Celtic sacred site.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member fi67

location: Nordwestschweiz (AG/BL/BS), Switzerland

date approved: 3/18/2014

last visited: never

Image for Heidenmauer - Bad Dürkheim/Germanyview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsHeidenmauer - Bad Dürkheim/Germany

in In Search of the Celts

The "pagan wall" at the Palatine town of Bad Durkheim in Rhineland-Palatinate is a two and a half kilometers long ring wall.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member KaPsTeam

location: Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany

date approved: 1/25/2014

last visited: 6/21/2014

Image for Römermuseum Wien - Vienna, Austriaview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsRömermuseum Wien - Vienna, Austria

in In Search of the Celts

The Römermuseum has a small collection of Celtic artifacts on display.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

location: Wien, Austria

date approved: 10/12/2013

last visited: never

Image for Prehistoric Section of the Archeological Museum in the Sforza Castle - Milan, Italyview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsPrehistoric Section of the Archeological Museum in the Sforza Castle - Milan, Italy

in In Search of the Celts

The prehistoric section illustrates the La Tène culture, which imposed itself in northern Italy at the end of the 5th century BC.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

location: Lombardia, Italy

date approved: 7/27/2013

last visited: never

Image for Civico Museo Archeologico - Milan, Italyview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsCivico Museo Archeologico - Milan, Italy

in In Search of the Celts

Milan was founded by the Insubres, a Celtic people. The city was later conquered by the Romans, becoming the capital of the Western Roman Empire.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

location: Lombardia, Italy

date approved: 7/26/2013

last visited: never

Image for Santa Giulia Museum Complex - Brescia, Italyview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsSanta Giulia Museum Complex - Brescia, Italy

in In Search of the Celts

The Museum’s special distinguishing feature is the close relationship between the historic buildings and the objects on display, which number about 11,000 and include Celtic helmets and horse harness ornaments.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

location: Lombardia, Italy

date approved: 6/28/2013

last visited: never

Image for Hornfels - Grenzach, BW, Switzerlandview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsHornfels - Grenzach, BW, Switzerland

in In Search of the Celts

Remnants of a hill fort above Grenzach.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member fi67

location: Baden-Württemberg, Germany

date approved: 6/18/2013

last visited: never

Image for Ringwallanlage am Heunstein - Dillenburg, Hessen, Germanyview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsRingwallanlage am Heunstein - Dillenburg, Hessen, Germany

in In Search of the Celts

[DE] Die keltische Ringwallanlage am Heunstein ist vermutlich in der Spätlatènezeit errichtet worden | [EN] The Celtic ring wall at the Heunstein hill was probably built in the late La Tène period

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Eibacher Kuckuck

location: Hessen, Germany

date approved: 4/16/2013

last visited: never

Image for Keltische Siedlung - Stöffling, Lk. Traunstein, Bayern, Dview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsKeltische Siedlung - Stöffling, Lk. Traunstein, Bayern, D

in In Search of the Celts

Rekonstruktion einer keltischen Siedlung in Stöffling.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Tharandter

location: Bayern, Germany

date approved: 2/17/2013

last visited: 3/2/2013

Image for Warham Camp - Warham, Norfolk, UKview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsWarham Camp - Warham, Norfolk, UK

in In Search of the Celts

Warham Camp is an ancient Iron-Age fort located in the countryside of North Norfolk.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Dragontree

location: Eastern England, United Kingdom

date approved: 1/13/2013

last visited: never

Image for Keltenschanze - Truchtlaching, Lk. Traunstein, Bayern, Dview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsKeltenschanze - Truchtlaching, Lk. Traunstein, Bayern, D

in In Search of the Celts

Die Rekonstruktion einer Keltenschanze.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Tharandter

location: Bayern, Germany

date approved: 12/18/2012

last visited: 7/27/2014

Image for Asarkaya - Karalar, Turkeyview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsAsarkaya - Karalar, Turkey

in In Search of the Celts

Asarkaya - the Celtic castle near Karalar village

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member puczmeloun

location: Turkey

date approved: 12/5/2012

last visited: never

Image for Musée Saint-Loup - Troyes, Franceview gallery
Log it!

In Search of the CeltsMusée Saint-Loup - Troyes, France

in In Search of the Celts

[FR] Le musée Saint-Loup est de type « encyclopédique » et abrite des collections très variées. [EN] In this museum, you can find ancient iron age celtic relics from around the area.

posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache

location: Champagne-Ardenne, France

date approved: 11/15/2012

last visited: never

Total Records: 128 Page: 1 of 6 prev<<<[123456]>>>next
Premium Member Downloads: download.GPX Lite File       download.LOC File       download .KML File (Google Earth)